AMCAT Reasoning Questions with Answers - 5



AMCAT Logical Reasoning Previous Years Question answers with Solutions 5

Ques 121 : The question is followed by two arguments numbered I and II. You have to decide which of the arguments is a strong argument and which is a weak argument.
Statement: Should the term for Lok Sabha reduced to four years ? Arguments :
I. No, it would mean more frequent elections and more burden on the national exchequer.
II. Yes, it would make political leaders more conscious towards going to the voters.
Option 1 : Only argument I is strong.
Option 2 : Only argument II is strong
Option 3 : Either I or II is strong.
Option 4 : Neither I nor II is strong.
Option 5 : Both I and II are strong.

Ques 122 : The question contains a statement followed by two Assumptions I and II. Find out which assumption(s) is implicit.
Statements: Science is a sort of new agency comparable in principle to other news agencies. But this news agency gives us information which is reliable to an extraordinary high degree due to elaborate techniques of verification and its capacity to survive centuries. So science should be read with as much interest as we read news. Assumptions :
I. Science encourages investigative spirit.
II. People read news out of interest.
Option 1 : Only assumption I is implicit
Option 2 : Only assumption II is implicit
Option 3 : Both assumption I and II are implicit.
Option 4 : Neither assumption I or II is implicit

Ques 123 : The passage is followed by two inferences which may or may not be drawn from the facts stated in the passage. You have to examine each inference separately in the context of the passage and decide upon its degree of truth or falsity.
Statements: In a recent survey report it has been stated that those who undertake physical exercise for at least half an hour a day are less prone to have any heart ailments.
Inferences:
I. Moderate level of physical exercise is necessary for leading a healthy life.
II. All people who do desk-bound jobs definitely suffer from heart ailments.
Option 1 : Inference I follows.
Option 2 : Only inference II follow.
Option 3 : Both inferences I and II follow
Option 4 : Neither inference I nor II follows.

Ques 124 : The passage is followed by two inferences which may or may not be drawn from the facts stated in the passage. You have to examine each inference separately in the context of the passage and decide upon its degree of truth or falsity.
Statements : The serious accident in which a person was run down by a car yesterday has again focused attention on the most unsatisfactory state of roads.
Inferences:
I. The accident that occurred was fatal.
II. Several accidents have so far taken place because of unsatisfactory state of roads.
Option 1 : Inference I follows.
Option 2 : Only inference II follow.
Option 3 : Both inferences I and II follow
Option 4 : Neither inference I nor II follows.

Ques 125 : The question contains a statement followed by two Assumptions I and II. Find out which assumption(s) is implicit.
Statements: “Please engage more workers on the job to avoid the delay”, Managing Director tells the Supervisor.
Assumptions:
I. Delay is inevitable in most jobs.
II. Output will increase with more number of workers on the job.
Option 1 : Only assumption I is implicit
Option 2 : Only assumption II is implicit
Option 3 : Both assumption I and II are implicit
Option 4 : Neither assumption I nor II is implicit


Ques 126 : The question contains a statement followed by two Assumptions I and II. Find out which assumption(s) is implicit.
Statements:  The president gave bravery award to nine children.
Assumptions:
I. The President gives award only to nine children every year.
II. The evening before the awards, each brave child dines with the President
Option 1 : Only assumption I is implicit
Option 2 : Only assumption II is implicit
Option 3 : Both assumption I and II are implicit
Option 4 : Neither assumption I nor II is implicit

Ques 127 : The question contains a statement followed by two Assumptions I and II. Find out which assumption(s) is implicit.
Statements: The government has decided to reduce the army deployed at India-Pakistan border.
Assumptions:
I. The relations between India and Pakistan have improved.
II. Troops had been deployed at the Indo-Pak borders.
Option 1 : Only assumption I is implicit
Option 2 : Only assumption II is implicit
Option 3 : Both assumption I and II are implicit
Option 4 : Neither assumption I nor II is implicit

Ques 128 : The question contains a statement followed by two Assumptions I and II. Find out which assumption(s) is implicit.
Statements: “We enjoyed ourselves very much in Paris during holidays” Richa told Anita.
Assumptions:
I. Richa was in Paris during the holidays.
II. She was accompanied by somene during her visit.
Option 1 : Only assumption I is implicit
Option 2 : Only assumption II is implicit
Option 3 : Both assumption I and II are implicit
Option 4 : Neither assumption I nor II is implicit

Ques 129 : Study the statement(s) and the conclusions and select the correct option.
Statement : ‘Our Y brand mobile phones are best in voice clarity and multiplicity of functions’ – an advertisement in Paper A.
Conclusions :
I. Paper A has a wide circulation.
II.People look for voice clarity and multiplicity of functions in a mobile phone.
Option 1 : Conclusion I follows
Option 2 : Conclusion II follows
Option 3 : Both the conclusion I and II follow
Option 4 : Either conclusion I or II follows
Option 5 : Neither conclusion I nor II follows

Ques 130 : Study the statement(s) and the conclusions and select the correct option.
Statement : Tamarind is a typical tropical tree which needs little water but humid conditions.
Conclusions :
I. All tropical trees need less water but more moisture.
II. Tropical climate has more humidity.
Option 1 : Conclusion I follows
Option 2 : Conclusion II follows
Option 3 : Both the conclusion I and II follow
Option 4 : Either conclusion I or II follows
Option 5 : Neither conclusion I nor II follows

Ques 131 : Study the statement(s) and the conclusions and select the correct option.
Statement : Many people living in communist States shared the view that ideas were not the real issue. “Capitalism is the exploitation of man by man”, ran an old joke. “Under communism, it is exactly the opposite”.
Conclusions:
I. According to the joke, communism is an exploitation of man by man.
II. Some people in communist States believe that communism was not a great improvement on capitalism.
Option 1 : Only conclusion one follows
Option 2 : Only conclusion II follows
Option 3 : Both the conclusion I and II follows
Option 4 : Neither I nor II follows

Ques 132 : Study the statement(s) and the conclusions and select the correct option.
Statement : The minimum qualification for this job is graduation .However the candidates who have appeared for the final year of graduation can also apply.
I. All candidates who have yet to graduate will be there in the list of selected candidates.
II. All candidates having graduation as their minimum qualification will be there in the list of selected candidates.
Option 1 : Only conclusion one follows
Option 2 : Only conclusion II follows
Option 3 : Both the conclusion I and II follows
Option 4 : Neither I nor II follows

Ques 133 : Study the statement(s) and the conclusions and select the correct option.
Statement: Many Non Government Organisations (NGO’s) are engaged in the task of getting social  justice to those who are exploited.
Conlcusions:
I. Social justice is extremely important for people.
II. Government has not been able to bring social justice to people.
Option 1 : Conclusion I follows.
Option 2 : Conclusion II follows
Option 3 : Either Conclusion I or II follows
Option 4 : Neither conclusion I nor II follows
Option 5 : Both conclusion I and II follows.

Ques 134 : Study the statement(s) and the conclusions and select the correct option.
Statement: Despite the availability of technology many umpiring decisions in cricket matches are wrong.
Conlcusions:
I. Umpires do not take the help of the third umpire often.
II. With the current rules, one cannot conclude how long the game of cricket will continue to suffer like this.
Option 1 : Conclusion I follows.
Option 2 : Conclusion II follows
Option 3 : Either Conclusion I or II follows
Option 4 : Neither conclusion I nor II follows
Option 5 : Both conclusion I and II follows.

Ques 135 : Study the statement(s) and the conclusions and select the correct option.
Statement : Nearly 25% of drivers who cause accidents are not license holders.
Conclusions :
(a) Only experts and trained persons are issued a driving license.
(b) One is allowed to drive even without a driving license.
(c) It is quite easy to get a driving license in India.
(d) Driving does not mix with drinking.
(e) Driving license holders are not drinkers.
Option 1 : conclusion a
Option 2 : conclusion b
Option 3 : conclusion c
Option 4 : conclusion d
Option 5 : conclusion e

Ques 136 : Study the statement(s) and the conclusions and select the correct option.
Statement : In a class of 48 students, 75% are girls and the rest are boys. Only 50% of the students know swimming. Only 25% of the remaining take part in extra curricular activities.
Conclusions :
(a) Girls are poor swimmers.
(b) Boys often hesitate in taking part in extra curricular activities.
(c) All the students in the class are good at studies.
(d) The school prefect belongs to this class.
(e) There are many students who are neither swimmers nor they take part in extra curricular activities.
Option 1 : conclusion a
Option 2 : conclusion b
Option 3 : conclusion c
Option 4 : conclusion d
Option 5 : conclusion e

Ques 137 : Study the statement(s) and the conclusions and select the correct option.
Statement : “Man is born free but everywhere he is in chains.” Aristotle.
Conclusions :
(a) All men are in chains.
(b) No one is a slave in the eyes of God.
(c) There are so many restrictions on man’s movement.
(d) God has created all people equal but society imposes so many political, social, religious and economic restrictions on them.
(e) Man has so many chains of thought.
Option 1 : conclusion a
Option 2 : conclusion b
Option 3 : conclusion c
Option 4 : conclusion d
Option 5 : conclusion e

Ques 138 : In the question a statement is followed by some courses of action . A course of action is a step or administrative decisions to be taken for improvement, follow-up, or further action in regard to the problem, policy, etc.You have to assume everything in the statement to be true and then decide which of the given suggested course(s) of action logically follows for pursuing.
Statement: A large number of students studying in municipal schools could not pass the Xth std., Board examinations causing frustration among the students and their parents.
Courses of action:
I. The municipal authority should immediately fill up the teachers’ vacancies in the municipal schools.
II. The municipal authority should close down some of their schools and concentrate their attention on the remaining schools to improve the condition.
Option 1 : Only course of action I follows.
Option 2 : Only course of action II follows.
Option 3 : Either course of action I or II follows.
Option 4 : Neither course of action I nor II follows.
Option 5 : Both courses of action follows.

Ques 139 : In the question a statement is followed by some courses of action . A course of action is a step or administrative decisions to be taken for improvement, follow-up, or further action in regard to the problem, policy, etc.You have to assume everything in the statement to be true and then decide which of the given suggested course(s) of action logically follows for pursuing.
Statement: The price of crude oil in the international market has considerably risen due to the unanimous decision of OPEC members, to effect cut in crude oil production.
Courses of action:
I. Government of India should immediately increase the price of petroleum products.
II. The government should increase the crude oil production of the domestic oil wells.
III. The government should absorb by using resources in its oil pool.
Option 1 : Only I follows.
Option 2 : Only I and II follow.
Option 3 : Only II and III follow.
Option 4 : Only II follows.
Option 5 : None of these

Ques 140 : In the question a statement is followed by some courses of action . A course of action is a step or administrative decisions to be taken for improvement, follow-up, or further action in regard to the problem, policy, etc.You have to assume everything in the statement to be true and then decide which of the given suggested course(s) of action logically follows for pursuing.
Statement: Due to substantial reduction in fares by different airlines services large number of passengers, so far travelling by upper classes in trains, have switched over to airline services.
Courses of action:
I. The railways should immediately reduce the fare structure of the upper classes substantially to retain its passengers.
II. The railways should reduce the capacity of upper classes in all the trains to avoid loss.
Option 1 : Only course of action I follows.
Option 2 : Only course of action II follows.
Option 3 : Either course of action I or II follows.
Option 4 : Neither course of action I nor II follows.
Option 5 : Both courses of action follows.

Ques 141 : In the question a statement is followed by some courses of action . A course of action is a step or administrative decisions to be taken for improvement, follow-up, or further action in regard to the problem, policy, etc.You have to assume everything in the statement to be true and then decide which of the given suggested course(s) of action logically follows for pursuing.
Statement: The government has decided to withdraw all the financial assistance it has been providing to the Institutes of higher learning and has urged them to become self-sufficient.
Courses of action:
I. These institutes should increase the number of students substantially so as to enable them to meet the shortfall.
II. These institutes should rationalise the fee structure and also offer consultancy services to meet the shortfall.
Option 1 : Only course of action I follows.
Option 2 : Only course of action II follows.
Option 3 : Either course of action I or II follows.
Option 4 : Neither course of action I nor II follows.
Option 5 : Both courses of action follows.

Ques 142 : In the question a statement is followed by some courses of action . A course of action is a step or administrative decisions to be taken for improvement, follow-up, or further action in regard to the problem, policy, etc.You have to assume everything in the statement to be true and then decide which of the given suggested course(s) of action logically follows for pursuing.
Statement:
There has been a significant drop in the water level of all the lakes supplying water to the city.
Courses of action:
I. The water supply authority should impose a partial cut in supply to tackle the situation.
II. The government should appeal to all the residents through mass media for minimal use of water.
Option 1 : Only course of action I follows.
Option 2 : Only course of action II follows.
Option 3 : Either course of action I or II follows.
Option 4 : Neither course of action I nor II follows.
Option 5 : Both courses of action follows.

Ques 143 : In the question a statement is followed by some courses of action . A course of action is a step or administrative decisions to be taken for improvement, follow-up, or further action in regard to the problem, policy, etc.You have to assume everything in the statement to be true and then decide which of the given suggested course(s) of action logically follows for pursuing.
Statement: One of the problems facing the food processing industry is the irregular supply of raw material. The producers of raw material are not getting a reasonable price.
Courses of action:
I. The Government should regulate the supply of raw material to other industries also.
II. The Government should announce an attractive package to ensure regular supply of raw material for food processing industry.
Option 1 : Only course of action I follows.
Option 2 : Only course of action II follows.
Option 3 : Either course of action I or II follows.
Option 4 : Neither course of action I nor II follows.
Option 5 : Both courses of action follows.

Ques 144 : In the question a statement is followed by some courses of action . A course of action is a step or administrative decisions to be taken for improvement, follow-up, or further action in regard to the problem, policy, etc.You have to assume everything in the statement to be true and then decide which of the given suggested course(s) of action logically follows for pursuing.
Statement: The chairman stressed the need for making education system more flexible and regretted that the curriculum has not been revised in keeping with the pace of the changes taking place.
Courses of action:
I. Curriculum should be reviewed and revised periodically.
II. System of education should be made more flexible.
Option 1 : Only course of action I follows.
Option 2 : Only course of action II follows.
Option 3 : Neither course of action I nor II follows.
Option 4 : Both courses of action follows.

Ques 145 : In the question a statement is followed by some courses of action . A course of action is a step or administrative decisions to be taken for improvement, follow-up, or further action in regard to the problem, policy, etc.You have to assume everything in the statement to be true and then decide which of the given suggested course(s) of action logically follows for pursuing.
Statement: The chairman of the car company announced in the meeting that all trials of its first product, the new car model ‘M’, are over and company plans to launch its car in the marked after six months.
Courses of action:
I. The network of dealers is to be finalised and all legal, financial and other matters in this connection will have to be finalised shortly.
II. The company will have to make plans for products other than the car.
III. The Material, managerial and other resources will have to be in fine tune to maintain production schedule.
Option 1 : I and III only
Option 2 : Only I
Option 3 : All the three
Option 4 : Only II
Option 5 : None of these

Ques 146 : In the question a statement is followed by some courses of action . A course of action is a step or administrative decisions to be taken for improvement, follow-up, or further action in regard to the problem, policy, etc.You have to assume everything in the statement to be true and then decide which of the given suggested course(s) of action logically follows for pursuing.
Statement: The district administration has agreed to provide necessary infrastructural facilities to the proposed NRI-funded Trust’s project of supply of clean water to city ‘Z’.
Courses of action:
I. The district administration should provide necessary land to the trust by completing due formalities.
II. The district administration should facilitate obtaining electricity and other permission to the trust.
Option 1 : Only course of action I follows.
Option 2 : Only course of action II follows.
Option 3 : Either course of action I or II follows.
Option 4 : Neither course of action I nor II follows.
Option 5 : Both courses of action follows.

Ques 147 : In the question a statement is followed by some courses of action . A course of action is a step or administrative decisions to be taken for improvement, follow-up, or further action in regard to the problem, policy, etc.You have to assume everything in the statement to be true and then decide which of the given suggested course(s) of action logically follows for pursuing.
Statement: The eligibility for appearing for Common Entrance Test (CET) for engineering in state ‘M’ is now raised to 60% from earlier 50% at HSC examination.
Courses of action:
I. Many candidates from state ‘M’ may not appear for CET this year and may appear from CET examination of other states.
II. At pre-examination screening candidate obtaining less than 60% at HSC will have to be eliminated.
Option 1 : Only course of action I follows.
Option 2 : Only course of action II follows.
Option 3 : Either course of action I or II follows.
Option 4 : Neither course of action I nor II follows.
Option 5 : Both courses of action follows.

Ques 148 : The question is followed by two arguments numbered I and II. You have to decide which of the arguments is a strong argument and which is a weak argument.
Should India develop a national water grid including all rivers of the country ?
Arguments:
I. No, it is not feasible because we do not have technological knowledge.
II. Yes, because where there is shortage of water ,it can be helped by channelised water flowing.
Option 1 : Only argument I is strong.
Option 2 : Only argument II is strong.
Option 3 : Either I or II is strong.
Option 4 : Neither I nor II is strong.
Option 5 : Both I and II are strong.

Ques 149 : The question is followed by two arguments numbered I and II. You have to decide which of the arguments is a strong argument and which is a weak argument.
Should the parents who do not send their children to schools be punished?
Arguments:
I.Yes, it is the only way to eradicate illiteracy.
II. No, why should parents be punished ?
Option 1 : Only argument I is strong.
Option 2 : Only argument II is strong.
Option 3 : Either I or II is strong.
Option 4 : Neither I nor II is strong.
Option 5 : Both I and II are strong.

Ques 150 : The question is followed by two arguments numbered I and II. You have to decide which of the arguments is a strong argument and which is a weak argument.
Should India produce sophisticated nuclear weapons ?
Arguments:
I. Yes,India’s enemies are improving their own weapons.
II. No, it will be contrary to our policy to maintain peace in the world.
Option 1 : Only argument I is strong.
Option 2 : Only argument II is strong.
Option 3 : Either I or II is strong.
Option 4 : Neither I nor II is strong.
Option 5 : Both I and II are strong.

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