AMCAT Reading Comprehension Previous Papers Questions - English 7

AMCAT reading comprehension previous questions with Solutions - 7


PASSAGE-13

Fasting is an act of homage to the majesty of appetite. So I think we should arrange to give up our pleasures regularly--our food, our friends, our lovers--in order to preserve their intensity, and the moment of coming back to them. For this is the moment that renews and refreshes both oneself and the thing one loves. Sailors and travellers enjoyed this once, and so did hunters, I suppose. Part of the weariness of modern life may be that we live too much on top of each other, and are entertained and fed too regularly.
Once we were separated by hunger both from our food and families, and then we learned to value both. The men went off hunting, and the dogs went with them; the women and children waved goodbye. The cave was empty of men for days on end; nobody ate, or knew what to do. The women crouched by the fire, the wet smoke in their eyes; the children wailed; everybody was hungry. Then one night there were shouts and the barking of dogs from the hills, and the men came back loaded with meat. This was the great reunion, and everybody gorged themselves silly, and appetite came into its own; the long-awaited meal became a feast to remember and an almost sacred celebration of life. Now we go off to the office and come home in the evenings to cheap chicken and frozen peas. Very nice, but too much of it, too easy and regular, served up without effort or wanting. We eat, we are lucky, our faces are shining with fat, but we don’t know the pleasure of being hungry any more.
Too much of anything--too much music, entertainment, happy snacks, or time spent with one’s friends--creates a kind of impotence of living by which one can no longer hear, or taste, or see, or love, or remember. Life is short and precious, and appetite is one of its guardians, and loss of appetite is a sort of death. So if we are to enjoy this short life we should respect the divinity of appetite, and keep it eager and not too much blunted.

1) What is the author's main argument in the passage?

a) The olden times, when the roles of men and women were clearly divided, were far more enjoyable than the present time

b) There is not enough effort required anymore to obtain food and hence the pleasure derived is not the same

c) People who don't have enough to eat enjoy life much more than those who have plentiful

d) We should deny ourselves pleasures once in a while in order to whet our desires and feel more alive


2) What are the benefits of fasting?

a) It is an act against the drawbacks of appetite

b) It brings joy in eating, and one learns to appreciate food

c) It is the method to understand how civilization evolved

d) It is a punishment for the greedy and unkind


3) What commonality has been highlighted between the sailors and hunters?

a) Neither were fed nor entertained regularly

b) They renew and refresh themselves regularly

c) They were regularly separated from their loved ones and things they liked

d) The roles of men and women were clearly divided for both professions



4) 'The long-awaited meal became a feast to remember and an almost sacred celebration of life', what does this line imply?

a) After so many days of being hungry, the cave men and women felt alive once again after eating the food

b) People respected and were thankful for getting food after days of being hungry and also of being united with their loved ones

c) Cave men and women ate and celebrated together with the entire community making the feast really enjoyable

d) Cave men and women enjoyed themselves in the feast and performed a ceremony to thank the Gods for their safe return back home


PASSAGE-14

AT THE end of the 19th century, India's maharajahs discovered a Parisian designer called Louis Vuitton and flooded his small factory with orders for custom-made Rolls-Royce interiors, leather picnic hampers and modish polo-club bags. But after independence, when India's princes lost much of their wealth, the orders dried up. Then in 2002 LVMH, the world's largest luxury-goods group, made a triumphant return to India, opening a boutique in Delhi and another in Mumbai in 2004. Its target was the new breed of maharajah produced by India's liberalised economy: flush, flash, and growing in number.
Other purveyors of opulence followed, from Chanel to Bulgari. In recent months a multitude of swanky brands have announced plans to set up shop in India, including Dolce & Gabbana, Herm├Ęs, Jimmy Choo and Gucci. And Indian women will soon be invited to spend over $100 on bras made by La Perla, an Italian lingerie firm. Only a tiny fraction, of course, will do so. But it is India's future prospects that have excited the luxury behemoths.
India has fewer than 100,000 dollar millionaires among its one billion-plus population, according to American Express, a financial-services firm. It predicts that this number will grow by 12.8% a year for the next three years. The longer-term ascendance of India's middle class, meanwhile, has been charted by the McKinsey Global Institute, which predicts that average incomes will have tripled by 2025, lifting nearly 300m Indians out of poverty and causing the middle class to grow more than tenfold, to 583m.
Demand for all kinds of consumer products is about to surge, in short. And although restrictions on foreign investment prevent retail giants such as Wal-Mart and Tesco from entering India directly, different rules apply to companies that sell their own products under a single brand, as luxury-goods firms tend to. Since January 2006 they have been allowed to take up to 51% in Indian joint ventures. India is also an attractive market for luxury goods because, unlike China, it does not have a flourishing counterfeit industry. Credit is becoming more easily available. And later this year Vogue, a fashion magazine, will launch an Indian edition.
Barriers to growth remain, however. High import duties make luxury goods expensive. Rich Indians tend to travel widely and may simply buy elsewhere. Finding suitable retail space is also proving a headache. So far most designer boutiques are situated in five star hotels.
But things are changing. Later this year Emporio, a new luxury-goods mall, will open in a prosperous neighborhood in the south of Delhi. It is likely to be the first of many. Even so, India could remain a difficult market to crack. Last October the Luxury Marketing Council, an international organization of 675 luxury-goods firms, opened its India chapter. Its boss, Devyani Raman, described India's luxury-goods market as “a cupboard full of beautiful clothes with a new outfit arriving every day—it could start to look messy without the right care”. This, she said, included everything from teaching shop assistants appropriate manners to instilling in the Indian public a proper understanding of the concept of luxury. “How do you educate them”, she asked, “about the difference between a designer bag that costs $400 and a much cheaper leather bag that functions perfectly well?”
1.     Who are the 'new breed of Maharajas' ?
Option 1 : Maharajas who recovered their wealth in 2004.
Option 2 : The children of the older Maharajas.
Option 3 : The new class of rich people which emerged in India post liberalisation.
Option 4 : None of these

2.     What is the author most likely to agree to as the reason for the inflow of luxury good groups in India?
Option 1 : The fast growth in Indian economy leading to bright future prospects.
Option 2 : To serve 'the new breed of maharajas'.
Option 3 : To serve the tiny fraction of high income groups in India. Option 4 : None of these
3.     Why do different rules apply to Wal-Mart and luxury good firms?
Option 1 : India is encouraging luxury goods while it doesn’t encourage Wal-Mart.
Option 2 : India is an attractive market for luxury goods.
Option 3 : There are different rules for retail firms and those that sell their own product.
Option 4 : India does not have a flourishing counterfeit industry.
4.     What does Devyani Raman's statement imply?
Option 1 : Beautiful clothes are an important luxury item and should be taken care of.
Option 2 : The luxury goods market is becoming disorganized.
Option 3 : The supply of beautiful clothes is very high.               Option 4 : None of these
5.     What could be the meaning of the word modish, as can be inferred from the context it is used in first line of the passage?
Option 1 : Unattractive                Option 2 : Stylish Option 3 : New    Option 4 : Beautiful
6.     What is the author most likely to agree to?
Option 1 : The current number of dollar millionaires in India is very high.
Option 2 : The current number of dollar millionaires in India is low.
Option 3 : The current number of dollar millionaires in India match world average.
Option 4 : None of these
7.     What is a good estimate of the middle class population in India today as inferred from the passage?
Option 1 : 583m              Option 2 : 100,000            Option 3 : 58m    Option 4 : 300m
8.     According to the author, which of these is not a problem for the luxury good firms in the Indian market?
A.     High import duty.          2 : Difficulty in finding retail space.

B.     Restriction on firms to enter Indian markets.         Option 4 : All of these


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