AMCAT Reasoning Questions with Answers - 1



AMCAT Logical Reasoning Previous Years Question answers with Solutions 1


Ques 1 : The question contains some statements followed by some conclusions.Decide which of the given conclusions logically follow from the given statements, disregarding commonly known facts.
Statements
P: All good athletes want to win.
Q: All good athletes eat well.
Conclusions
I. All those who eat well are good athletes.
II. All those who want to win, eat well.
Option 1 : Only conclusion I follows
Option 2 : Only conclusion II follows.
Option 3 : Neither I nor II follows
Option 4 : Both I and II follow.

Ques 2 : The question contains some statements followed by some conclusions.Decide which of the given conclusions logically follow from the given statements, disregarding commonly known facts.
Statements
P: Some mobiles are cameras.
Q: Some cameras are calculators.
Conclusions
I. All calculators are mobiles.
II. All cameras are mobiles.
Option 1 : Only conclusion I follows.
Option 2 : Only conclusion II follows.
Option 3 : Neither I nor II follows.
Option 4 : Both I and II follow.

Ques 3 : The question contains some statements followed by some conclusions.Decide which of the given conclusions logically follow from the given statements, disregarding commonly known facts.
Statements
P: Some children are adults.
Q: Some adults are not old
Conclusions
I. Some children are not old.
II. Some children are old.
Option 1 : Only conclusion I follows
Option 2 : Only conclusion II follows.
Option 3 : Neither I nor II follows.
Option 4 : Both I and II follows.

Ques 4 : The question contains some statements followed by some conclusions.Decide which of the given conclusions logically follow from the given statements, disregarding commonly known facts.
Statements
P: Some bags are hot.
Q: All hots are cakes.
Conclusions
I. All cakes are bags.
II. Some bags are cakes.
Option 1 : Only conclusion I follows.
Option 2 : Only conclusion II follows.
Option 3 : Neither I nor II follows
Option 4 : Both I and II follow.

Ques 5 : The question contains some statements followed by some conclusions.Decide which of the given conclusions logically follow from the given statements, disregarding commonly known facts.
Statements
P: All doctors are surgeons.
Q: Some chemists are doctors
Conclusions
I. Some chemists are surgeons.
II. All surgeons are chemists.
Option 1 : only conclusion I follows.
Option 2 : only conclusion II follows.
Option 3 : neither I nor II follows
Option 4 : both I and II follow.

Ques 6 : The question contains some statements followed by some conclusions.Decide which of the given conclusions logically follow from the given statements, disregarding commonly known facts.
Statements
(a) No vest is shirt.
(b) All shirts are jackets.
Conclusions
I. All vests are jackets.
II. No vest is a jacket.
III. Some jackets are shirts.
IV. All jackets are shirts.
Option 1 : Only I follows
Option 2 : Only II follows
Option 3 : Only III follows
Option 4 : Only III and IV follow. Option 5 : None follows.

Ques 7 : The question contains some statements followed by some conclusions.Decide which of the given conclusions logically follow from  the given statements, disregarding commonly known facts.
Statements
(a) Some officers are honest.
(b) Reddy is an officer.
Conclusions
I. Some officers are dishonest.
II. Reddy is honest.
III. Reddy is dishonest.
IV. Officer are usually honest.
Option 1 : Only I follows
Option 2 : Only I and II follows
Option 3 : Only II follows
Option 4 : None follows
Option 5 : All follow

Ques 8 : The question contains some statements followed by some conclusions.Decide which of the given conclusions logically follow from the given statements, disregarding commonly known facts.
Statements
(a) All parks are roads
(b) Some roads are mall.
Conclusions
I. All malls are roads.
II. All malls are parks.
III. Some parks are malls.
IV. No park is a mall.
Option 1 : Only I follows
Option 2 : Only II and III follows
Option 3 : Only II or III follows
Option 4 : Either I or IV follows
Option 5 : None follows.

Ques 9 : The question contains some statements followed by some conclusions.Decide which of the given conclusions logically follow from the given statements, disregarding commonly known facts.
Statements
(a) No beach is island.
(b) All islands are reefs.
Conclusions
I. All beaches are reefs.
II. No beach is a reef.
III. Some reefs are islands.
IV. All reefs are islands.
Option 1 : Only I follows
Option 2 : Only II follows
Option 3 : Either I or II follows
Option 4 : Only III and IV follow.
Option 5 : Neither I,II nor IV follows.

Ques 10 : The question contains some statements followed by some conclusions.Decide which of the given conclusions logically follow from the given statements, disregarding commonly known facts.
Statements
(a) All shares are debentures.
(b) No debenture is an equity.
Conclusions
I. No equity is a share.
II. Some debentures are shares.
III. No share is an equity.
Option 1 : Only I follows
Option 2 : Only II follows
Option 3 : All follow
Option 4 : Only III follows.

Ques 11 : The question contains some statements followed by some conclusions.Decide which of the given conclusions logically follow from the given statements, disregarding commonly known facts.
Statements
(a) All cities are towns.
(b) Some cities are villages.
Conclusions
I. All villages are towns.
II. No village is a town.
III. Some villages are towns.
Option 1 : Only III follows
Option 2 : Only I follows
Option 3 : Only II follows
Option 4 : None of these

Ques 12 : The question contains some statements followed by some conclusions.Decide which of the given conclusions logically follow from the given statements, disregarding commonly known facts.
Statements
Some ship are boats. All boats are submarines. Some submarines are yatches.
Conclusions
I. Some yatches are boats.
II. Some submarines are boats.
III. Some submarines are ships.
IV. Some yatches are ships.
Option 1 : All follow
Option 2 : Only II and III follows
Option 3 : Only III follows
Option 4 : Only either III or IV follows.
Option 5 : None of these

Ques 13 : Given signs signify something and on that basis, assume the given statements to be true and find which of the twoconclusions I and II is/are definitely true.
P + Q means P is greater than Q
P * Q means P is greater than or equal than Q
P = Q means P is equal to Q
P / Q means P is less than Q
P – Q means P is less than or equal to Q
Statements
X/Y, W * Z, Z + Y
Conclusions
I. W + Y
II. X/Z
Option 1 : Only conclusion I is true
Option 2 : Only conclusion II is true
Option 3 : Neither conclusion I nor II is true
Option 4 : Both conclusion I and II are true

Ques 14 : The question contains some statements followed by some conclusions.Decide which of the given conclusions logically follow from the given statements, disregarding commonly known facts.
Statements:
Some marbles are pens.
Some pens are dogs.
Some dogs are doors.
Conclusions:
I. Some doors are pens.
II. Some dogs are marbles.
III. Some marbles are doors.
Option 1 : All follow.
Option 2 : Only II follows.
Option 3 : Only I follows.
Option 4 : Only III follows.
Option 5 : None follows

Ques 15 : In the question the symbols @, #, %, $ and H are used with the following meaning :
‘P $ Q’ means ‘P is smaller than Q’
‘P @ Q’ means P is neither greater than nor equal to Q’
‘P H Q’ means ‘P is neither smaller than nor equal to Q’
‘P % Q’ means ‘P is not greater than Q’
‘P # Q’ means ‘P is neither greater than nor smaller than Q’
Now assume the given statements to be true and find which out of the two conclusions I and II is/are definitely true.
Statements:
J % N, K @ N, T $ K
Conclusions:
I.T H J
II. J @ K
Option 1 : Only conclusion I is true
Option 2 : Only conclusion II is true
Option 3 : Either conclusion I or II is true
Option 4 : Neither conclusion I nor II is true
Option 5 : Both conclusions I and II are true

Ques 16 : In the question certain symbols are used with the following meaning:
‘P @ Q’ means ‘P is not greater than Q’.
“P # Q means ‘P is neither smaller than nor equal to Q’
”P % Q’ means ‘P is not smaller than Q’
‘P $ Q’ means “P is neither greater than nor equal to Q’
‘P^Q’ means ‘P is neither greater than nor smaller than Q’
Now assume the given statements to be true and find which out of the two conclusions I and II is/are definitely true.
Statements:
I % R, C ^ I, C % E
Conclusions:
I. C % R
II. R @ E
Option 1 : Only conclusion I is true
Option 2 : Only conclusion II is true
Option 3 : Either conclusion I or II is true
Option 4 : Neither conclusion I nor II is true
Option 5 : Both conclusions I and II are true

Ques 17 : In the question the symbols @, % , $, # and * are used with the following meaning:
‘P $ Q’ means ‘P is neither smaller than nor equal to Q’.
‘P @ Q’ means ‘P is not greater than Q’
‘P * Q’ means ‘P is neither greater than nor smaller than Q’
‘P % Q’ means “P is neither greater than nor equal to Q’
‘P # Q’ means ‘P is not smaller than Q’.
Now assuming the given statements to be true, find which of the conclusions I, II, III and IV is/are definitely true.
Statements:
J $ M, N @ R, R % M
Conclusions:
I. N % J
II. N % M
III. J $ R
IV. N * R
Option 1 : Only I, II, and III are true
Option 2 : Only I and II are true
Option 3 : Only II and III are true
Option 4 : Only II and IV are true
Option 5 : None of these

Ques 18 : In the question symbols *, @, %, $ and # are used with the following meaning :
‘P $ Q’ means ‘P is not greater than Q’
‘P * Q’ means ‘P is neither smaller than nor greater than Q’
‘P # Q’ means “P is neither greater than nor equal to Q’
‘P % Q’ means ‘P is not smaller than Q’.
‘P @ Q’ means ‘P is neither smaller than nor equal to Q’.
Now assuming the statements to be true, find which of the two conclusions I and II is/are definitely true.
Statements:
W @ M, J # M, M * Y
Conclusions:
I. Y * W
II. Y @ J
Option 1 : Only conclusion I is true
Option 2 : Only conclusion II is true
Option 3 : Either conclusion I or II is true
Option 4 : Neither conclusion I nor II is true
Option 5 : Both conclusions I and II are true

Ques 19 : In the question symbols *, @, %, $ and # are used with the following meaning :
‘P $ Q’ means ‘P is not greater than Q’
‘P * Q’ means ‘P is neither smaller than nor greater than Q’
‘P # Q’ means “P is neither greater than nor equal to Q’
‘P % Q’ means ‘P is not smaller than Q’.
‘P @ Q’ means ‘P is neither smaller than nor equal to Q’.
Now assuming the statements to be true, find which of the two conclusions I and II is/are definitely true.
Statements
D %H, K * H, H $ R
Conclusions
I. K $ R
II. D % K
Option 1 : Only conclusion I is true
Option 2 : Only conclusion II is true
Option 3 : Either conclusion I or II is true
Option 4 : Neither conclusion I nor II is true
Option 5 : Both conclusions I and II are true

Ques 20 : The question contains some statements followed  by some conclusions.Decide which of the given conclusions logically follow from the given statements, disregarding commonly known facts.
Statements:
Some rabbits are deers.
No deer is a lion.
All elephants are lions.
Conclusions:
I. No rabbit is lion.
II. No elephant is deer.
III. Some elephants are rabbits.
Option 1 : All follow
Option 2 : Only II follows
Option 3 : Either I or II follow
Option 4 : Only II and III follows
Option 5 : None of these

Ques 21 : The question contains some statements followed by some conclusions.Decide which of the given conclusions logically follow from the given statements, disregarding commonly known facts.
Statements:
All files are folders.
All folders are boxes.
All boxes are drawers.
Conclusions:
I. All folders are drawers.
II. All boxes are files.
III. All files are drawers.
IV. All drawers are folders.
Option 1 : Only I and II follow.
Option 2 : Only I and III follow.
Option 3 : Only II and III follow.
Option 4 : All follows
Option 5 : None of these

Ques 22 : The question contains some statements followed by some conclusions.Decide which of the given conclusions logically follow from the given statements, disregarding commonly known facts.
Statements:
All ducks are pigeons.
All pigeons are crows.
Conclusions:
I. Some crows are ducks.
II. Some crows are pigeons.
Option 1 : Only conclusion I follows.
Option 2 : Only conclusion II follows.
Option 3 : Either I or II follows.
Option 4 : Neither I nor II follows.
Option 5 : Both I and II follow.

Ques 23 : The question contains some statements followed by some conclusions.Decide which of the given conclusions logically follow from the given statements, disregarding commonly known facts.
Statements:
Some metals are minerals.
All minerals are solids.
Conclusions:
I. All solids are made up of metals and minerals.
II. Some minerals are metals.
Option 1 : Only conclusion I follows.
Option 2 : Only conclusion II follows.
Option 3 : Either I or II follows.
Option 4 : Neither I nor II follows.
Option 5 : Both I and II follow.

Ques 24 : The question contains some statements followed by some conclusions.Decide which of the given conclusions logically follow from the given statements, disregarding commonly known facts.
Statements:
Some boys are trees. Some trees are jungles.
Some jungles are fruits.
Conclusions:
I. Some fruits are trees.
II. Some trees are boys.
III. Some jungles are boys.
Option 1 : None follows
Option 2 : Only I follows
Option 3 : Only III follow
Option 4 : Only II follows
Option 5 : All follow

Ques 25 : The question contains some statements followed by some conclusions.Decide which of the given conclusions logically follow from the given statements, disregarding commonly known facts.
Statements:
Some pens are books. All schools are books.
Some colleges are schools.
Conclusions:
I. Some colleges are pens.
II. Some pens are schools.
III. Some colleges are books.
Option 1 : All follows
Option 2 : Only I and II follows
Option 3 : Only II and III follow
Option 4 : Only I and III follows
Option 5 : None of these

Ques 26 : The question contains some statements followed by some conclusions.Decide which of the given conclusions logically follow from the given statements, disregarding commonly known facts.
Statements:
Some buses are houses. All houses are taxis.
All rickshaws are taxis.
Conclusions:
I. Some rickshaws are houses.
II. Some taxis are houses.
III. Some taxis are buses.
Option 1 : None follows
Option 2 : Only I follows
Option 3 : Only II follows
Option 4 : Only II and III follow
Option 5 : All follow

Ques 27 : The question contains some statements followed by some conclusions.Decide which of the given conclusions logically follow from the given statements, disregarding commonly known facts.
Statements:
All oceans are rivers. Some springs are rivers.
All wells are springs.
Conclusions:
I. Some springs are oceans.
II. Some wells are rivers.
III. Some rivers are oceans.
IV. No well is river.
Option 1 : Only either II or IV and III follow.
Option 2 : Only either II or IV and I follow.
Option 3 : Only either I or III and IV follow.
Option 4 : None follows
Option 5 : All follow

Ques 28 : The question contains some statements followed by some conclusions.Decide which of the given conclusions logically follow from the given statements, disregarding commonly known facts.
Statements:
Some disciplines are preachers. All preachers are saints. Some saints are not disciples.
Conclusions:
I. Some saints are disciples.
II. All disciples are saints.
III. All preachers are disciples.
IV. No Saint is disciples.
Option 1 : No follows
Option 2 : Only I follows
Option 3 : Only I and III follow
Option 4 : Only II and III follow
Option 5 : All follow

Ques 29 : The question contains some statements followed by some conclusions. Decide which of the given conclusions logically follow from the given statements, disregarding commonly known facts.
Statements:
Some buses are rivers.
All rivers are mountains.
Some roads are mountains.
Conclusions:
I. Some mountains are buses.
II. Some roads are buses.
III. Some roads are rivers.
IV. Some mountains are roads.
Option 1 : All follow
Option 2 : Only II, III and IV follow
Option 3 : Only III and IV follows
Option 4 : Only I and IV follows
Option 5 : None of these

Ques 30 : In the question, the symbols @, &, *, $ and # are used with the following meaning:
A # B means A is not greater than B.
A $ B means A is neither smaller nor equal to B.
A ? B means A is neither smaller nor greater than B
A * B means A is neither greater nor equal to B.
A @ B means A is not smaller than B.
Now assume the given statements to be true and find which out of the two conclusions I and II is/are definitely true.
Statements:
K # T, D $ F, T * F
Conclusions:
I. K * D
II.D $ T
Option 1 : Only conclusion I is true
Option 2 : Only conclusion II is true
Option 3 : Either conclusion I or II is true
Option 4 : Neither conclusion I nor II is true
Option 5 : Both conclusions I and II are true

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